Aims and activities of the organisation
The Romanian National Administration of Penitentiaries is a public service responsible for the application of detention regimes and for rehabilitation intervention, under the conditions that ensure human’s dignity observance, by facilitating responsibility and social reintegration into society of the persons in custody and by contributing to the increase of community safeguard, public order and national security maintenance.
The National Administration of Penitentiaries applies the Strategy of the Romanian Government in the fields of its competence by enforcement of penalties or measures involving deprivation of liberty as ordered by judicial bodies.
The activity of the National Administration of Penitentiaries and it’s subordinated prison units is directly coordinated by the Minister of Justice and as a public service it contributes to defence, public order, and national security by taking measure of safeguard, surveillance and escort, as well as enforcement of detention regimes, while having a special social role due to its punitive – educative functions and social reintegration of persons in custody.
This role becomes visible in the social context especially when incidents take place emphasizing the importance of how activities related to serving of punishments involving deprivation of liberty are organized and coordinated and safeguard, surveillance and escort of persons in custody are ensured.
The National Prison Administration System includes:
- 31 prisons for adult males;
- 1 prison and 7 section for adult females;
- 6 units prison-hospital;
- 4 prisons for minors and young people;
- 2 rehabilitation centers for minors.
In the Romanian detention units, the activity of rehabilitating the convicted prisoners is structured into two main intervention directions: education and psychosocial assistance. The “social reintegration” terminology operates to fully cover the already mentioned components and it refers to the overall activities and programs designed and run in an organized manner, in order to determine noticeable long lasting changes in the subjects’ behavior, having positive effects in the post-conviction social reintegration background.
The Social Reintegration Department is the structure within the National Administration of Penitentiaries specialized in defining, coordinating, implementing and evaluating penal policies in the field of education, psychological and social assistance related to the individuals deprived of their liberties in the custody of the prison system.
The structure of the Social Reintegration Directorate is the following:
- Education Service;
- Psycho-social Assistance Office;
- Vulnerable individuals’ Compartment.
The education field includes general training activities and programs including: schooling, vocational training, information and general culture programs (education in the following fields: judicial, citizenship, family life, health etc.), hobby and occupational activities (painting, sculpture, tapestry etc.), contents, leisure-sports activities, artistic and cultural events.
The psycho-social field includes specific activities and programs in the field of psychology and social assistance (individual or group psychological counseling, psychotherapy, individualized social assistance etc.).
Vulnerable prisoners enclose minors, young people (age 18-21) and female prisoners; the recovery intervention aimed to these individuals needs specific working methods, integrated in a recovery tactic adapted to the identified psychosomatic particularities and self-development needs.
The educational and psychosocial assistance activities and programs addressed to prisoners are conducted by the staff of the social reintegration sectors and it includes educators, psychologists, social workers, priests, sports monitors and technical agents.